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  • 2023-1-9
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Abrasion testing of textiles

Textile Abrasion testers are used to measure the resistance of a textile to abrasion, or the wearing away of fibers due to friction. There are several different types of abrasion testers, including the Martindale Abrasion Tester, which is a widely used instrument that rubs a sample of the textile against a rotating abradant (such as a piece of wool felt) under a specified load. The number of rotations until the textile is worn through is recorded as the abrasion resistance of the textile. Other types of abrasion testers include the Wyzenbeek Abrasion Tester, which uses a cotton duck fabric as the abradant, and the Taber Abrasion Tester, which uses a series of abrasive wheels to test the abrasion resistance of a textile.

 

Abrasion tester standards

There are several different standards that are commonly used to test the abrasion resistance of textiles. These standards include:

 

1.ASTM D4966: Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)

2.ISO 12947-2: Textiles - Determination of abrasion resistance - Part 2: Martindale method

3.ISO 12947-3: Textiles - Determination of abrasion resistance - Part 3: Rotary drum method

4.ISO 12947-4: Textiles - Determination of abrasion resistance - Part 4: Inflated diaphragm (Lisport) method

5.ISO 12947-5: Textiles - Determination of abrasion resistance - Part 5: Inflated-roller method

6.ISO 12947-6: Textiles - Determination of abrasion resistance - Part 6: Oscillating cylinder method

7.ISO 12947-7: Textiles - Determination of abrasion resistance - Part 7: Rotating-abrader method

 

These standards specify the test methods and apparatus that should be used to determine the abrasion resistance of a textile, as well as the minimum requirements for the accuracy and precision of the test results.


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